difference between a gerund and a participle. Both use the present participle, which is the ing form of a verb. I want to study. Other examples of 'ing' verbs that can be classified as present participle and gerund are: walking, praying, standing etc. Although a gerund looks like a verb, it always has the same function as a noun. The purpose of an adjective is to describe a noun or a pronoun. Basis of the difference: Participle: Gerund: 1. A definite type of present participle can be gerunds. She likes dancing a lot. Before we look at the difference between a gerund and a present participle, let’s look at their definitions and understand what a gerund and a participle in English are. ; Infinitive, to + base verb. Definition. A participle is a form of verb which works as an adjective, noun, or verbs (with the help of auxiliary verbs) in a sentence. For many writers, the use of the gerund and present participle can be a little confusing at times. "The compound term serves also to bring out the relationship between this form and the past participle: the gerund-participle has a considerably larger distribution than the past participle…" While a gerund works as a noun, a participle works as an adjective. It’s tough to know the difference between gerunds and present participles in English just by looking because they both consist of the base form of the verb, plus the “-ing” suffix—always! Therefore, a participle always describes a noun or a pronoun in the same sentence. There are two kinds of participles: present participles and past participles. In sum, a gerund is an 'ing' verb that functions as a noun whereas a present participle is an 'ing' verb that either functions as a verb or an adjective. It’s not easy at first to identify a gerund phrase vs participle phrase. Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. The infinitive form is the base form of a verb with ‘to’. When a verb is used as a noun, it is called a Gerund. Gerund-participle is the merged term for this -ing word form. 2. The difference between a gerund and a present participle is simple: a gerund is an ‘ing’ form of a verb that functions as a noun, and a present participle is an ‘ing’ form of a verb that either functions as an action verb or an adjective. ; It’s difficult to understand. ; My hobby is painting. For example, Reading helps the mind. Relation. What is a gerund in English? A participle is very different from a gerund. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing.” The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, so it is important to understand the difference between the two. There is not a single verb in the entire English language that breaks this rule. An infinitive has the exact job as that of a gerund, however the difference is that while a gerund is formed by using verb + "ing", infinitives are formed by using "to" + verb/verb phrase. A gerund can be as … It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: A gerund is a present participle (verb + ing) which works as a noun in a sentence. It is used after another verb, after an adjective or noun or as the subject or object of a sentence. In this examples, the word Reading is a gerund. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing.” The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, so it is important to understand the difference between the two. Gerund: 1 or as the subject or object of a verb with ‘to’ a pronoun in the sentence. 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